Basic stamping techniques and stencilling. B0th these techniques are perfect for adding a unique character to your decorative scheme, an individual touch that defines the room as yours and yours alone. Symbols, simple cut-outs, silhouettes, abstract shapes and caricatures can all be stamped or stencilled as a painted finish, in a continuation of the color scheme or as a complete contrast.
Stamping involves rolling color onto an individual raised surface, a stamp, then offsetting the color onto a wall, forming a deliberate pattern or random marks. This technique is best suited to decorative borders and for framing larger areas of color.
Ready-made stamps, in a variety of designs, are widely available from art suppliers and decorating stores, and generally come in kit form with a selection of paints and a small applicator roller. You can, of course, make your own stamp, drawing a design or image onto cork. Or you can use a foam rubber about 5cm/2in thick, and cut around the external shape.
The internal details can then be cut out and removed to a depth of 2.5cm/1in with a craft knife. Try using your design to form a two-color creative border; use strips of tape to mask the edge of a wall stripe, and paint the stripe in a complementary color to the rest of the wall. Remove the masking tape when the paint is dry. Roll the second color of your choice onto your stamp, and gently press it onto the wall stripe at regular and equal intervals, starting in the middle.
Emulsion is the best paint for stamping. Remember to roll color onto your stamp evenly, and try a test-pressing first to remove excess paint. Never dip the stamp directly into the paint.
You Will Need :
- Foam Rubber Or A Cork Tile
- Craft Knife
- Masking Tape
- Roller Or Brush
- Emulsion Paints
Basic stamping techniques Steps :
- STEP ONE : To form a two-color border border begin by masking off a stripe on the wall and paint it a contrasting color.
- STEP TWO : Complete the stripe with a darker shade to create a sunset effect and then remove the masking tape.
- STEP THREE : Draw the stamp design on card, cut it out and use it as a template for cutting out of a cork tile.
- STEP FOUR : Brush or roll the desired color of paint onto the stamp, making sure that it is evenly coated.
- STEP FIVE : Press the stamp onto the colored stripe to create the pattern, re-coating with paint as necessary.
Stencils, like stamps, are usually associated with edgings and borders, such as dados, or smaller decorative panels, but you could use this versatile technique over an entire wall.
You can stencil by brush or sponge, applying paints or crayons onto a surface, through shaped areas cut into a mask that removes areas of background, onto sections defined by masking tape, or through holes in paper and card. Anything that partially masks your working surface can be referred to as a stencil.
Commercial stencils are available from artists’ suppliers, either in a transparent plastic Film or flexible waxed card. Waxed card is easier to cut and cheaper. Card is opaque, so consider film if your design is complex, because you can see through it. Trace your design onto the stencils, making a different stencil for each color. To copy from an original, size it by using a photocopier and either use it as a mask or trace it down, using carbon paper or tracing paper from an art shop. To ensure that the colors all fit together in the finished design, you will need to use a registration system to place the stencils one on top of the other on the wall. Either cut an ‘x’ through all the layers when they are correctly positioned, one on each side, or cut notches in the sides. If you are using transparent film you have the option of lining up the stencils visually.
Stencils can be used to decorate entire walls; for example, a patterned tile effect for a bathroom. The finished area is sealed with an exterior quality varnish to waterproof it. Decide on your tile design and size, draw it onto acetate stencils, one for each color, and mark the tile size as a black outline. Draw the tile size in grid form on the wall using a waterproof marker. Stencil the design onto the tile grid, completing the wall in one color before starting the next. For a large wall a stencilling brush and quick-drying stencil paint is fastest. Redraw over the tile grid with a waterproof marker, using a matching color, to indicate lines of grouting. If required, a border can be added using masking tape to stencil straight horizontal lines.
You Will Need:
- STENCIL MATERIAL
- TRACING PAPER
- PENCIL /WATERPROOF MARKER
- CRAFT KNIFE
- STENCIL PAINTS
- STENCIL BRUSH
- MASKING TAPE
Step of Stencilling Techniques :
- STEP ONE : Trace your selected design onto the stencil material, making a separate stencil for each color.
- STEP TWO : If you want to create a tiled effect set out a grid with a waterproof marker and straight-edge.
- STEP THREE : Apply the first color, taping the stencil in place and adding the color with a stippling action.
- STEP FOUR : When the first color has dried, add the second in the same way, aligning the stencil very carefully.